Protector Institutions in Civil Resistance Struggles in Latin America
By: Consuelo Amat
How can civil resistance campaigns emerge in highly repressive environments? This monograph shows that nonviolent action is possible against actors that are capable and willing to use force conditional on the presence of protector institutions. Protector institutions play an indirect role in mobilization by decreasing the cost of high-risk activism and increasing the cost of repression. The monograph examines different types of protector institutions that, with varying degrees of success, have assisted civil resistance campaigns in six countries in Latin America, including Chile, Peru, Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia and Venezuela.
About the Author:
Consuelo Amat is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Stanford’s Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society. She studies state repression, civil resistance, armed rebellion, and the development of civil society in authoritarian regimes, with a focus on Latin America. Her current book project, The Emergence and Consolidation of Opposition to Authoritarian Rule, examines how opposition to autocratic regimes develops in the face of different patterns of state repression. She studies this question during the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile (1973-1989) using multiple methods including statistical analysis of original datasets, qualitative interviews, and archival materials.
The United States Institute of Peace, the John F. Enders Foundation, the Tinker Foundation, and Yale University’s MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies have supported her research. During the 2017-2018 academic year Consuelo was a United States Institute of Peace Jennings Randolph Peace Scholar. Prior to graduate school Consuelo was a Research Assistant at the Brookings Institution’s Foreign Policy program, writing on security in Latin America, and worked at the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, tracking popular struggles. She holds BA degrees in International Affairs and Philosophy from the University of Colorado at Boulder, an MA in Conflict Resolution from Georgetown University’s Government Department, and earned a PhD in Political Science from Yale University.