ICNC's Academic Webinars are a series of online talks and visual presentations on critical ideas, cases, and questions related to civil resistance and nonviolent movements. They are intended for general learners, students, and interested professionals.
These hour-long webinars are offered bi-weekly, typically on Thursdays from 12:00-1:00pm EST. Scholars deliver 30-40 minute powerpoint presentations, which is followed by a 20-30 minute question and answer period. Preliminary readings may also be recommended prior to the presentation and will be sent in advance to those who register for the webinar.
Sharon Erickson Nepstad, University of New Mexico Wednesday, November 13, 2013 / 12:00pm - 1:00pm EST
Recent studies have emphasized that security force defections can greatly improve the odds that civil resistance movements will achieve their goals. Yet we still know relatively little about the factors that influence defections and the long-term consequences for nonviolent struggles. In this webinar, I briefly describe a variety of security force responses, from shirking to desertions to mutiny. Then I summarize ten factors that shape whether security forces remain loyal, side with civil resisters, or divide internally. To illustrate these factors, I explore several cases from the Arab Spring.
I examine Egypt, where the military sided with civil resisters. I also analyze Bahrain, where the military remained loyal to the state. Finally, I examine Syria, where the military split, leading to civil war. I show how the political rulers often use patronage and ethnic or sectarian favoritism to keep troops loyal but how these same factors can actually contribute to security forces' decision to withhold cooperation from the state. I conclude the webinar by examining some of the problems that may arise when defectors join the opposition and some ways that civil resisters can address these issues to maintain their autonomy and control of the movement.
Dr. Stephen Zunes, Professor of Politics and International Studies at University of San Francisco; Co-Chair, ICNC Academic Advisors Committee Thursday, October 3, 2013 / 12:00pm - 1:00pm EST
The power of strategic nonviolent action in successful pro-democracy insurrections against autocratic regimes has been well-documented. Less well known has been the role of strategic nonviolent action in defending democracies against attempted coup d'états. This webinar examines the history and theory of civil resistance against efforts by the military or other undemocratic elements to overthrow democratic governments and replace them by autocratic regimes.
Starting with a review of Gene Sharp and Bruce Jenkins' monograph The Anti-Coup, the presentation then looks at a series of case studies from Latin America and elsewhere during the past century, particularly in recent decades. The presentation concludes by examining cases where nonviolent civil insurrections have prompted the military to force out the president and the ensuing struggle to insure the interim military leaders allow for a genuine transition to democracy.
Dr. Maciej Bartkowski, Senior Director, Education and Research at ICNC Thursday, June 6, 2013 / 12:00pm - 1:00pm EST
The modern practice of civil resistance sprang from the ideas about the underlying nature of political power and agency of people that began to be formed much earlier in history than many realize.
In fact, as the newly edited book Recovering Nonviolent History. Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles shows, in the last two centuries, many societies - regardless of geographical, cultural, religious, or political settings - engaged in successful nonviolent resistance to defend themselves from foreign domination and protect their national communities.
In the age of revolutions, rise of violent nationalism, independence wars, brutal anti-colonial struggles and major internal and regional wars the history hides important nonviolent campaigns that were led by ordinary people with the aim of reclaiming their rights to self-rule.
This webinar talk will discuss the power and dynamics of civil resistance, bring up stories of unarmed struggles, often buried beneath eulogized violence, and account for denials of civil resistance in national annals.
Oleg Kozlovsky, Fulbright Visiting Scholar, George Washington University Tuesday, March 26, 2013 / 12:00pm - 1:00pm EST
In December 2011 tens of thousands of Russians went to the streets of Moscow and other cities to protest fraud at recent parliamentary elections. This was a shock to the regime as well as the opposition even though both had long been preparing for mass demonstrations. The protests, though truly spontaneous and surprising, were by no means random. Instead, they were a result of gradual but radical changes in the Russian society due in no small part to contained but persistent political, social and cultural activism and autonomous civic organizing of previous years.
The regime responded with charges of propaganda and repression, which might have slowed down the resistance but did not suppress it. Facing a stalemate, the Russian protest movement now has to find new methods and tactics, increase its internal mobilization and outreach to other segments of the society and stay united.
Nichole Argo, Postdoctoral Fellow in Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University February 21, 2013
We surveyed Israelis in June 2012 to see how reminders of these nonviolent protests affected their perceptions of Palestinians, prospects for peace, their own sacred values, and more generally, their belief that groups can change. To our surprise, reminders of the protests led to negative assessments across all of these measures—more so than did reminders of Palestinian violence, or even stories of traffic woes.
This presentation focuses on the results of the survey, as well as what it may tell us about the process by which nonviolent campaigns affect intergroup psychology and transformation, particularly where there is a history (or competing strain) of violence.
Dr. Oliver Kaplan, Lecturer in Human Rights at the Josef Korbel School, University of Denver Wednesday, January 30
Civilians would seem powerless when facing violent and heavily armed actors in settings of civil conflict, and yet communities in various countries have found ways to avoid violence. In this presentation Dr. Kaplan discusses the various strategies he has documented that communities from around the world have used to retain autonomy and self-rule in the face of competition among multiple armed groups.
Jeffrey W. Rubin and Emma Sokoloff-Rubin January 25, 2013
In 1986, a group of young Brazilian women started a movement to secure economic rights for rural women and transform women's roles in their homes and communities. Together with activists across the country, they built a new democracy and fought for women's rights in the wake of a military dictatorship. Jeffrey W. Rubin and Emma Sokoloff-Rubin, a father-daughter research team, tell the behind-the-scenes story of this remarkable movement.
Dr. Benedetta Berti, Associate Fellow and Lecturer, Tel Aviv University January 17, 2013
Contrary to the conventional narrative Middle Eastern civil society has been active and involved in strategic non-violent struggle for years before the beginning of the massive social and political mobilizations of 2010 and 2011. The presentation looks at the characteristics of civil society and social movements in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region-focusing specifically on Tunisia and Egypt-describing the civil Society and social movements in the Middle East before the “Arab Awakening.”
Presented by: Dr. Joseph Bock, Director of Global Health Training at the Eck Institute for Global Health, University of Notre Dame, and Author of "The Technology of Nonviolence" Wednesday, December 5, 2012
Engaging in nonviolent resistance for political transformation during Gandhi's struggles in South Africa and British India has many similarities to more modern approaches. Some people claim that social media is the main ingredient. Is that correct? What technologies are most important? What else is needed for the success of nonviolent movements that social media cannot provide? Can't technology also be used by oppressive governments and troublemakers? Can't they use the information on digital maps that everyone else can see on the internet? And what happens when cell phone and internet services are interrupted or shut down completely?
This webinar covers the limits of technology for nonviolent resistance movements and offers insights about ethical dilemmas.
Presented by: Mary Joyce, Researcher & Consultant in Global Digital Activism, Editor of "Digital Activism Decoded" Thursday, November 29, 2012, 12:00pm - 1:00pm EST
Gene Sharp created his list of 198 nonviolent methods in 1973. In the years since, media has become dramatically more accessible to activists. Media produced by activists can now have mass reach at low cost thanks to the ease of creating user-generated content and the multiple platforms that allow for near-free self-broadcast to a mass audience in a variety of textual and visual formats. How can the canon of nonviolent methods intelligently integrate these new capacities?
This presentation will review the initial findings of Digital 198, a crowdsourced project by Patrick Meier and Mary Joyce, that is collecting digital enhancements to the 198 analog nonviolent methods as well as new methods made possible by the peer-produced, self-broadcasted, highly attention-competitive, and near-free nature of digital media.
In the 1980s, the world was captivated as East Germans brought down the Berlin wall and the Filipino “people power” movement ousted long-standing dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Yet other civil resistance movements during this time failed to achieve political change. Researchers have largely focused on successful nonviolent uprisings. Little attention has been given to those movements that had great potential but did not achieve their goals. In this webinar, Dr. Nepstad explores three cases of failed civil resistance: the Chinese democracy movement of 1989, the struggle against Panamanian dictator General Manuel Noriega (1987-1989), and the attempt in Kenya to oust President Daniel arap Moi (1985-1992).
Kurt Schock is Associate Professor of Sociology and Global Affairs at Rutgers University, Newark. In many places the state serves as a land broker, facilitating peasant land dispossession and its transfer to capitalist and rentier classes. In response land rights counter-movements have emerged in the global South. Two movements are examined: Ekta Parishad in India and the Landless Workers' Movement (MST) in Brazil. These movements are significant in that they have forged strategies that rely on civil resistance.