Nonviolent Civilian Defense to Counter Russian Hybrid Warfare
Also available on the Johns Hopkins University website here.
This study has been directly informed by the ongoing conflict in Ukraine where Russia and Russian backed rebels have waged a hybrid war of territorial conquest. This hybrid warfare has included elements of nonviolent collective actions. In response, the Ukrainian government launched an armed counterinsurgency with predictably costly results. Ukraine would have been better served by an approach similar to that outlined by Lithuania.
Johns Hopkins University
Krieger School of Arts and Sciences
Advanced Academic Programs